When talking of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in grownups, it is important to note that symptoms present themselves differently in toddlers and grownups. The disorder typically manifests itself more subtly in adults, which makes diagnosis and treatment comparatively rare. One marker of ADHD in adults, however, is the widely accepted understanding that it cannot grow in adults.
Researchers now know that approximately 60 percent of children with ADHD will take their symptoms into adulthood. In the United States, fully 4 percent of the population suffer to some extent in the symptoms of ADHD. Of approximately half will be troubled by them. Many children with ADHD aren’t diagnosed. When symptoms appear in previously undiagnosed adults, they are sometimes confounded and bewildered by their own activities and moods, often blaming themselves for their perceived inadequacies and limitations.
The causes of ADHD are not well understood. Current research suggests that both genes and environmental problems, such as tobacco and alcohol use during pregnancy, each have their role to play. Mention ADHD in children and the picture that most often comes to the minds of people is that of the hyperactive kid bouncing off the walls. As the child get to adulthood, that type of behavior subsides a little. It’s replaced, however, by other, more challenging to discern symptoms. The young adult is faced with new obligations and duties. Life makes new demands. This is difficult for everyone. All of us feel overwhelmed from time to time, but someone with adult ADHD finds it difficult most of the time, or frequently unattainable.
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ADHD symptoms in adults are usually divided into three categories – distractibility, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Distractibility is defined as the inability to concentrate on a job or task for a significant amount of time. Impulsivity is defined as the inability to control immediate reactions. Hyperactivity is defined as fidgeting and restlessness, and an inability to sit still.
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Distractibility is thought to be the least bothersome of the three broad categories of symptoms, at least outwardly. Adults who suffer from them, however, can find them quite disruptive.
Impulsivity issues can be very troubling for an adult with ADHD. They often have trouble maintaining control over their opinions, reactions, and behavior. They will act or speak without thinking.
They will react without thinking about the consequences of their activities. Such behavior can lead them into dangerous situations. At work, they will rush into a job without reading the instructions, often resulting in mistakes and only partial completion of this job.
Emotional issues may also arise from impulsivity. Adults With impulsivity issues might find it tough to control emotions. Feelings of Anger and frustration tend to be a specific challenge for the adult with ADHD. It’s important to note, however, that adults who have one or more symptoms of impulsivity or distractibility may still have ADHD.